Friday, February 18, 2011

Nazca Lines, Palpa, Peru


Enigmaticas figuras antropomorfas y una representacion de telar, ubicadas en laderas de cerros en Palpa, correspondientes a las culturas Paracas y Nasca.

Antropomorphic figures and a textile representation, located on the Palpa hills, which belong to the Paracas and Nasca Cultures.


unused, from 2010

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1.  ascribing human form or attributes to a being or thing not human, especially to a deity.
2.  resembling or made to resemble a human form: an anthropomorphic carving.

The Nazca Lines are a series of ancient geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert in southern Peru. They were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994.

The lines are shallow designs made in the ground by removing the reddish pebbles and uncovering the whitish ground beneath. Hundreds are simple lines or geometric shapes; more than seventy are designs of animal, bird, fish or human figures. The largest figures are over 200 metres (660 ft) across. Scholars differ in interpreting the purpose of the designs, but they generally ascribe religious significance to them.

After people traveled over the area by plane in the 1930s and saw the Nazca Lines from the air, anthropologists started studying them. One of the issues that intrigued scholars was to try to understand how they were made.
Scholars have theorized the Nazca people could have used simple tools and surveying equipment to construct the lines. Studies have found wooden stakes in the ground at the end of some lines, which support this theory. One such stake was carbon-dated and the basis for establishing the age of the design complex, between 400 and 650 AD.

 The Nazca desert is one of the driest on Earth and maintains a temperature around 25 °C (77 °F) all year round. The lack of wind has helped keep the lines uncovered and visible to the present day.

1 comment:

Aritha said...

I've never see such lines and antropomorphic figures! Thank you for the explanation of this beautiful picture.