A Mongolian Gher
Postmarked in 1972 with a Mongolia Olympic stamp from the Munich games featuring wrestling
- - - - - - -
The Mongolian word for yurt, or ger, also means home, and a number of other words are derived from its word stem. For example, gerlekh means to marry.
A yurt is a portable, bent wood-framed dwelling structure traditionally used by nomads in the steppes of Central Asia. The roof is usually steam bent wood, supported by roof ribs which are bent down at the end where they meet the lattice wall (again steam bent). The top of the wall is prevented from spreading by means of a tension band which opposes the force of the roof ribs. The structure is usually covered by layers of fabric and sheep's wool felt for insulation and weatherproofing.
Mongolian dress has changed little since the days of the empire, because it is supremely well-adapted to the conditions of life on the grassland plains and the daily activities of nomads.
The deel, or kaftan, is the Monglian traditional garment worn on both workdays and special days. It is a long, loose gown cut in one piece with the sleeves; it has a high collar and widely overlaps at the front. The deel is girdled with a sash. Mongolian deels traditionally have five fastenings.